Author: Otaviano Canuto

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Otaviano Canuto

Otaviano Canuto

Otaviano Canuto is principal at the Center for Macroeconomics and Development, a senior fellow at the Policy Centre for the New South and a non-resident senior fellow at Brookings Institution. He is a former vice-president and a former executive director at the World Bank, a former executive director at the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and a former vice-president at the Inter-American Development Bank. Otaviano has been a regular columnist for CFI.co for the past seven years.

Global Imbalances and the Pandemic

The International Monetary Fund’s tenth annual External Sector Report (ESR, August 2021) shows how current account deficits in the global economy widened in 2020 during the pandemic. On the other hand, the ESR also argues that overall, the misalignment between

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Matchmaking Private Finance and Green Infrastructure

The contrast between the scarcity of investments in infrastructure and the excess of savings invested in liquid and low-return assets in the global economy must be dealt with. Greening infrastructure in emerging and developing economies would benefit from being able

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Rescue by Helicopter Reserves

The world woke up on Monday 23 with higher international reserves for all countries. A new allocation of US$650 billion (SDR450 billion) in Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to its member countries has entered into

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China’s Renminbi Needs Convertibility to Internationalise

On July 21, the Official Monetary and Financial Institutions Forum (OMFIF) published its eighth annual report on Global Public Investors (GPI). It included a survey the asset allocation plans of reserve managers of central banks, sovereign wealth funds, and public

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Otaviano Canuto: Are We on the Verge of a New Commodity Super-Cycle?

Commodity prices have recovered their 2020 losses and, in most cases, are now above pre-pandemic levels (Figure 1). The pace of Chinese growth since 2020 and the economic recovery that has accompanied vaccine rollouts are driving demand upward, while supply

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Otaviano Canuto: Middle-Income Countries Should Not Be Rushed to ‘Graduate’ Status

Many donor countries seem eager to see middle-income countries (MICs) graduate to non-client status in multilateral development institutions before achieving their full development potential. Such institutions can significantly contribute to the sustainable development of MICs, while seizing many benefits from

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The Size of Biden’s Fiscal Package

The monetary policy report submitted by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to the U.S. Congress on Friday Feb. 19 showed that the Fed’s members have improved economic growth expectations for 2021 and 2022, expect lower unemployment

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Otaviano Canuto: Central Banks and Inequality

While the economic recovery around the world remains uneven, fragile, and unbalanced across sectors, financial markets are generally doing very well, thanks! In the United States, only half of the unemployment caused by the pandemic last year has been reversed,

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The Two Sides of Capital Flows into Brazil

There was a significant inflow of funds in Brazil’s external financial account in October and November for investments in both stocks and fixed income instruments. The bulk of the recent inflow has come in a passive way, and it did

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Don’t Expect Miracles from the Multilaterals

by Otaviano Canuto Latin American and Caribbean economies need help, but organisations such as the IDB are also stretched thin. With Latin America and the Caribbean potentially facing years of difficulties due to the pandemic and related economic crises, attention

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