Dem. Rep. of the Congo

Democratic Republic of the Congo (orthographic projection)

Located in central Africa, the Democratic Republic of Congo has been bequeathed with substantial wealth of natural resources and still the economy continues to perform poorly. Political instability, war and corruption has marred the growth of the once thriving mining and agricultural sector, leaving the country with one of the lowest GDP per capita and HDI. The Congo is also one of the least developed countries in the world. Intermittent conflicts during the early 90s have taken a toll on the government's revenue with a dramatic fall in national output and increased external debt. This, along with lack of infrastructure and a tough business environment has resulted in the foreign businesses curtailing operations. It has also increased poverty and hunger in the country and with that hunting of rare wildlife has increased. By 2015, the country had failed to meet any Millennium Development Goals (MDG). Human right abuses have also ruined economic activity. The country has an unemployment rate of 7%. Since the withdrawal of invading foreign troops, conditions have improved with both IMF and World Bank missions helping the government in developing a rational economic plan. Significant economic activity occurs in the informal sector which is not reflected in GDP data. The country's economy relies heavily on mining. It is not only the world's largest producer of cobalt ore, but also a major producer of industrial diamonds and copper. Copper is the primary product for export, the prices of which fell drastically in 2015, which in turn reduced both governmental revenue, expenditure and foreign reserves. In mid-2017 inflation touched nearly 50% which was the highest since the early 2000s. The country has been defined as the "Saudi Arabia of the electric vehicle age" for its vast cobalt resources. Construction of rail and road has been hindered due to the difficult terrain and climate of the Congo Basin.

Its population in 2018 was 84,004,989 [1]

In 2015, 95.82% of its total energy
consumption was renewable [2]

In 2021, its GDP grew by 5.71% [2]

In 2021 it had a negative Current
Account Balance of US$bn 0.59 [3]

Its Expenditure on R&D (as a percentage of
GDP) in 2015 was 0.41% [2]

What free trade areas or economic unions is it a member of?


What trade deals are there with other countries and economic unions?

Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (from 08/12/1994)

World Bank: Helping Electrification Efforts in DRC

Sub-Saharan Africa is blessed with large hydropower resources that can bring electricity to homes, power businesses

Trade with the United Kingdom

Source: UK Office for National Statistics, October 2019.

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